Trail Bridge Sector Wide Approach, TB SWAp- Framework-III

Project TitleTrail Bridge Sector Wide Approach, TB SWAp
Project PeriodStart Date (Yearly program)
(TB SWAp-III, 2019)
Finish Date
Total Budget of ProjectGov. of NepalGrant
NRS. 20,290 millionNRS. 869 million
Development PartnerGovernment of Nepal, Swiss Government
Brief introduction of the projectWith support from Swiss government, the construction of trail bridges is ongoing since 2009. The program is being implemented through sector wide approach modality with an aim to ensure easy transportation access at local levels all across the country. The government of Nepal (GoN) has prioritized the construction of trail bridges, as one of its major drives to help the local people living in remote areas to make a difference in their daily lives.
The construction of the bridges has increased numerically after the implementation of this modality, with an average of 450 bridges built annually.
Achievements of TB SWAp-I showed that trail bridges had contributed significantly to improvement of access for the rural populations, with greater benefits accruing to disadvantaged groups. On average, 153 people were found to use bridges daily. Schools reported increased attendance rates between 5-20% and increment of 40% in the number of patients from across rivers accessing health facilities.
Similarly, TB SWAp -II showed that the trail bridges saved lives and 2.3 hours for a two-way journey. Over 1.3 million people cross trail bridges daily to access schools, perform household chores, seek treatment from health facilities and reach markets. Outcome studies recorded that trail bridges had led to 16% increment in student attendance, 23% increment in patients seeking health facilities, and emergence of new markets at 20% of bridge sites.
Currently, there are 8,444 trail bridges in the country and the demand is still high, with a further 4,000-5,000 bridges needed.
Goal and Objectives of the projectGoal:
To contribute towards a prosperous Nepal, with equitable socio-economic development, by strengthening all levels of the government to provide improved access to basic services and economic opportunities to rural communities, especially disadvantaged groups, by availing safer river crossings within 1-hour detour.
Objectives: To ensure the easy access of transportation to local people through the construction of trail bridges. Generation of Local employment during construction of trail bridges. Capacity building of Engineers, Consultants and Contractors
Expected Outcomes of the projectLocal people will have a trail bridge in their convenience place. 
Major activities of the projectConstruction of Trail bridges Maintenance and Rehabilitation of trail bridges Preparation of Detailed Project Report Procurement of Steel Wire Ropes, Bulldog grips and Fabricated Steel Parts
Project AreaFederal, 7 Provinces and 753 Urban/ Rural Municipalities
Progress of the project (up to December 2020)Physical Progress; 409 nos. (74%)
Financial Progress; 1783069000 (78.4%)
Related photographs of the project
Veltadi, Karnali                                                                 

Banke Khola, Sharlahi

Bangechaur-Aaduwabari Bridge (Baglung-Parbat), -Longest Suspension Bridge
Major issues/challenges in implementation of the project and efforts made to address the issuesMajor issues/challenges: Lack of physical and financial progress from provincial and local offices Insufficient budget for projects running from Local levels. Efforts made to address the issues: Continuous co-ordination with Local and Provisional Government regarding efficient implementation.